GURPS Classic: Blood Types (1995) is a classic GURPS reference book that lists the name of 78 different types of vampires from actual mythology and describes 35 vampires (or vampire like) beings from both mythology and fiction under 23 listings. TSR's Dragon #25 had an earlier list by R.P. Smith called "Varieties of Vampires" which has alternative names or details on some vampires. Theresa Bane's 2010 Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology (and the web site based on it) has been used to correct some of the information in the old Dragon article and update GURPS Blood Types.
List of vampires from GURPS Blood TypesEdit
"Where possible, foreign terms have been given a literal translation. Creatures marked with an asterisk have been described in detail in Chapter 5." Creatures in bold have been cross-referenced to a web site based on the Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology.
Adze* (Africa; Ghana and Togo)
Algul, Aluga (Arabia): “Horse leech” listed under Aigul
Alp (Germany, Slavonia)
Baital, Baitala* (India)
Bhuta (India): Generic vampire term; listed under Bhootums
Blutsauger (Germany): “Blood sucker”
Ch'iang Shich* (China)
Civateteo* (Pre-Columbian Mexico)
Dearg-dul (Celtic Ireland): “Blood sucker”; variant of Dearg-Due
Dubbelsuger, Dopplesauger (Germany, Slavic states): “Double sucker”: variant of Doppelsauger
Empusa (Ancient Greece)
Erestun, Eretica, Eretik (Russia)
Givach (Prussia): Listed under Gierach
Hsi-hsue-kuei (China): “Blood sucking demon”; listed under varient spelling of Hsi-Hsue-Kue
Katakahana (Crete): variant spelling of Katakhana
Kukuthi (Albania): Variant of Kukudhi and Lugat
Lamia* (Ancient Greece)
Langsuir* (Malaysia): Listed under Bajang
Larvae (Roman): plural of Larva
Leanhaun-Sidhe (Ireland): variation of Leanhaum-Shee
Liderc nadaly (Hungary)
Loogaroo* (West Indies)
Lupi Manari (Croatia)
Mormo* (Ancient Greece): listed under Empusae
Moroii*, Muroni (Romania): Listed under Living Vampire in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology
Motetz Dam (Hebrew): “Blood sucker”
Neuntoter (Germany) “Nine Killer”
Nosferatu* (Romania): actual word is Nosferat
Obayifo* (West Africa; Ashanti)
Pijavica (Slovenia, N.W. Yugoslavia)
Sanguisuga (Roman Empire): “Blood sucking”
Strigoii (Romania): listed as a variant of Cel-Rau
Strix* (Roman Empire): listed under Sheerree as Strix Nocturna
Talamaur (Australian isles)
Tlaciques* (Mexico; Nahuatl)
Tympanios* (Greece): varient spelling "Tympaniaois" listed under Vyrkolakas
Ubour, Upior, Upyr, Upi (Russia, Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia); Variation: Upier
Vampir, Vampiir, Vampyras*, (Slavic states)
Wampir, Wamphyr: variation of Vampir
Varcolaci (Romania): listed under Priculics
Veripard (Latvia, Estonia, Russia)
Vetal, Vetala (India): crosslisted with Baital
Viesczy, Vjiesce, (Slavic; Russia, Poland)
Volkodlak, Vukodlak (Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia): Originally meant “Werewolf". Also listed under Volkolak
Vyrolakos* (Balkan; Albania, Greece)
Vampires detailed in GURPS Blood TypesEdit
Below is a quick summery of those 23 vampires (or vampire like beings) with their alternative equivalents in other countries listed. Names in italic appear only in "Varieties of Vampires" while bold italic appear in both.
Those with a "*" are active in daylight:
• Adze*: supernatural entity vampire from central Africa mainly Ghana and Togo.
• Alien*: otherworldly vampire-may or may not be supernatural in nature.
• Astral*: mortal vampire (sorcerer) found around the world. Some examples are Bebarlang of Southeast Asia and Philippines and the Chordewa of Bangal hill tribes. The Ekimmu from "Varieties of Vampires" seems to be a variant out of Assyria.
• Baital*: supernatural entity vampire from India.
• Ch'iang Shich: Undead vampire from China. Must be burned completely to be destroyed and can put their essence to an object requiring it to be destroyed.
• Gaki*: supernatural vampire-like being from Japan-may be either animated corpse or otherworldly spirit.
• Gothic*: undead vampire made famous by Dracula and most of the movie variants inspired by the work.
• Half-Vampire*: Mortal vampire that is usually a servant or slave to the Gothic type. The Dhampir of Gypsy mythology is the half-Vampire offspring of a human and vampire.
• High-Tech*: Mortal vampire created via super science.
• Human*: Mortal Vampire who feels the need to drink another's blood. Moroii (Romania) are human vampires with supernatural powers and destined to rise as undead when they die.
• Incubus/Succubus*: supernatural vampire-like entity that drains life via sexual contact rather than blood
• Modern: Updated version of Gothic vampire type.
• Nosferatu (word): Nonexistent word that supposedly means undead in Romanian. In the context of GURPS Blood Types it is the vampire seen in the film Nosferatu. Called Nosferat in "Varieties of Vampires" and Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology.
• Vampir: Traditional undead European vampire of the Slavic nations. Usually attacks in astral form and is more likely to be a peasant than noble. Ka (Egypt) is a rough equivalent to the Vampir's astral form.
• Vyrolakos*: Traditional undead European vampire of the Balkan nations. Usually attacks physically and in the legend would often take human mates and have families. Tympanios is a precursor variant that was less insane and did not depend on blood.
Vampires from "Varieties of Vampires" Edit
Since these mythical vampires were adpted to a D&D game the methods of defeating/destroying them is likely "off". The bold italic are only named with no descriptions in GURPS Blood Types:
• Alp (Germany, Slavonia): Shape shifting vampiric demon that wears a white hat and kills by suffocation. Destroyed by putting a lemon in the corpse's mouth.
• Asanbosam or Sasabonsam (Africa): Five foot tall bearded man-faced creature with a mouth full of fanged teeth, a row of scaly ridges over its bloodshot eyes, and a small horn that protrudes from the top of its head. Attack by jumping out of trees.
• Blut Aussauger (Bosnia-Herzagovinia/Germany): Variants are Blautsauger ("blood sucker"), BLUATSAUGER, BlutSauger, Nachtzutzler, and Totbeifier. Hairy with no skeleton that can only turn its victims into vampires by having them consume the soil from its grave. Destroyed by the body being burned or a stake through the heart. May be related to the story of Arnold Paole.
• Broucolaque (Called Burcolakas in Varieties of Vampires) (Greece): swollen, tense, hard skin. Created when a hero or brigand is overly intent on staying alive. Killed by cutting off and burning its head.
• Catacano (Crete, Rhodes): Has such shiny white teeth that it has the nickname the happy vampire. Defeated by burning its nails and then boiling its head in vinegar or submerging its body in salted water.
• Krvopijac (Bulgaria): Called the Krvoijac in GURPS Blood Types this vampire has only one nostril. Is found by having a virgin ride a black foal through an area. Where the horse refuses to go is the grave. Can be "chained" to the grave via wildflowers.
• Lobishumen (Brazil): Spelled Lobishomen in GURPS Blood Types is "one of the smallest types of vampires, standing only two inches tall. It has black teeth, bloodless lips, a hunched back, yellowish skin, a white beard, and the overall appearance of a monkey.". Defeated by getting it drunk, crucifying it to a tree, and then stabbing it with a stake through the heart.
• Volkodlak* (Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia): Term originally meant werewolf. Has congested face and blood-red skin. Supposedly can only be defeated by 'cutting off its toes and thumbs, drive a spike into its neck, pierce its navel with a stake (not its heart), then burn it, starting the fire with holy candles'. The method given in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology is slightly better: "the vlkodlak must be stabbed through the stomach with a stake made of hawthorn and the hair on its body covered with tar. Then the vampire must be set ablaze with a candle that was used during its wake. The fire must be hot enough and burn long enough to render the corpse to ash."
GURPS Blood Types uses a host of sources but here are the more scholarly ones:
- Barber, Paul (1988) Vampires, Burial and Death (Yale University Press)
- Bunson, Matthew (1993) The Vampire Encyclopedia (Crown Publications)
- Frayling, Christopher (1991) Vampyres: Lord Byron to Count Dracula (Faber and Faber, Ltd)
- Haining, Peter (1977) The Dracula Scrapbook (Bramhall House)
- McNally, Raymond T. and Florescu, Radu (1972) In Search of Dracula (N.Y. Graphic Society)
- Melton, J. Gordon (1994) The Vampire Book (Visible Ink Press)
- Summers, Montague (1928) The Vampire, His Kith and Kin (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
- Summers, Montague (1929) The Vampire in Europe (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
- Twitchell, James B, (1975) The Living Dead: The Vampire in Romantic Literature (Duke University Press)
- Wolf, Leonard (ed.) (1995) The Essential Dracula (Plume)
Additional Material Edit
- Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology McFarland ISBN 9780786444526. (internet archive) There is also an website based on the work.
- The Vampedia's page on GURPS Blood Types consolidates some of this information.
- GURPS Update
- ↑ Listed under Living Vampire in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology
- ↑ Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology McFarland pg 95
- ↑ Nosferatu: Origin and Definitions
- ↑ In Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology the Asanbosam are listed as a people who have stories of the Loango
- ↑ Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology pg 87
- ↑ Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology pg 97
- ↑ Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology pg 105